Langue Languecris


Code (ISO‑3) cre
Code (ISO‑2) cr
Soi Nom Cree
Les mots dans le dictionnaire 76
Sentences 6


Le sens du texte Gauche à droite
Alphabet Syllabaire aborigène canadien, Latin
Personnages a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Numbers 0123456789
Ponctuation ,.?;:"'<>}{[]()-=!@#$%^&*/`~«»|°+_\
EocMarkers ,.;!?
EosMarkers .!?
Délimitation Parole Space


Cree is the name for a group of closely-related Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 50,000 speakers across Canada, from Alberta to Labrador.
The Cree dialect continuum can be divided by several criteria. Dialects spoken from north-eastern Ontario to Labrador make a distinction between š (sh as in she) and s, while those to the west do not. In several dialects, including northern Plains Cree and Woods Cree, the long vowels ê and î have merged into a single vowel. However, the most transparent phonological variation between different Cree dialects is in the evolution of the proto-Algonquian rhotic *r in the modern dialects.
The Plains Cree, speakers of the y dialect, refer to their language as Nêhiyawêwin, whereas Woods Cree speakers say nîhithawîwin, and Swampy Cree speakers say nêhinawêwin. This is similar to the alternation in the Siouan languages Dakota, Nakota, and Lakota, or the evolution of the Old Church Slavonic vowel yat into different present-day Slavic languages.
A rough map of Cree dialect areas We can broadly classify the Cree dialects into nine groups. From west to east:
• Plains Cree (y-dialect)
• Woods Cree (th-dialect)
• Swampy Cree (n-dialect)
Swampy Cree in turn has an eastern and a western dialect which differ in the use of the phoneme š. In the western dialect, š has merged with s.
• Moose Cree (l-dialect)
• James Bay Cree (y-dialect, sometimes called East Cree)
James Bay Cree has a northern and a southern dialect which differ in the number of vowel distinctions they make. The long vowels ê and î have merged in the northern dialect but are distinct in the southern. Nonetheless, the people from the two areas easily communicate.

Régions utilisé

Pays Langue maternelle de la population
Canada 8,000
Total des 8,000

Informations de localisation

Le nom de cette langue dans d'autres langues:

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